How to Treat Your Scalp
Because it’s simple to disregard what you can’t see, a large portion of us neglect the scalp, an area of our body that is typically hidden from view. But negligence can result in the emergence of ailments that will unquestionably require your attention: Since your scalp is really an extension of your face, it can experience irritation, itching, and dryness just like the rest of your face. (And of course, everyone’s favorite dandruff is also an option.
We7 therefore devoted an entire episode of The Science of Beauty to discussing how to take care of your scalp in attempt to raise awareness about how to ward off these bothersome issues and, in turn, create a healthier environment in which hair flourish.
How does the scalp function?
Because our scalps produce thicker, longer hair, you might assume that it is significantly different from the skin on the rest of our bodies. The scalp, however, is structurally comparable to the rest of your skin, albeit slightly thicker (it contains five layers of tissue as opposed to the rest of our skin’s three), with more oil glands, and with a lot more hair follicles about 100,000, to be precise.
An individual follicle that is found within the scalp is where each hair grows from and passes through. Each follicle has sebaceous glands that secrete sebum, often known as oil, which helps to moisturize the skin and hair around it. Each person’s scalp produces a different amount of oil, with some producing significantly less (or substantially more) than others. The sensory nerves that wrap around each hair bulb at the base of the hair follicle are stimulated when the hair is pulled, which makes us aware of pain.
Taking care of your scalp
In general, the same fundamental principles that govern skin care also apply to scalp care. Your scalp has to be moisturized and cleaned of debris, oil, and dirt on a regular basis. Your scalp care routine should be based on the health of your scalp, just like your skin-care routine. Avoid overscrubbing it with abrasive scrubs, for example, if yours is prone to dryness.
However, using shampoo to remove dirt and product buildup is the first step in any proper scalp care routine. (We may assume that since you listened to episode seven, you already know everything about that.) David Adams, a trichologist, advises brushing your hair before getting in the shower to assist release dirt so it may be readily rinsed away.
What kind of care should you give to your scalp?
It’s important to treat the symptoms of certain scalp problems, such as redness, irritation, and itching, seriously because they can lead to hair breakage and even hair loss. A dermatologist can accurately identify any issues you might have and recommend the most appropriate courses of action.
How does a scalp that is healthy look?
When questioned about the characteristics of a healthy, well-functioning scalp, dermatologist responds, “We shouldn’t see redness, we shouldn’t see irritation, and we shouldn’t see a lot of scales or buildup.” “It shouldn’t smell, and it shouldn’t feel soft.” If you experience any of these issues with your scalp, the cause may be as simple as an allergic reaction to a strongly fragranced shampoo or as complicated as an autoimmune disorder. The best course of action is to consult a dermatologist regarding scalp issues.
Treatment for an Oily Scalp
Even though each person’s follicles generate different amounts of oil, people with specific hair types may appear to have oilier hair and scalps than others even when their follicles are secreting the same amount of oil. According to Dermatologist, “If you have fine, straight hair, that little glob of oil [the glands on the scalp generate] will shoot right down to the tip of the hair and it will make it oilier. “Kinky, curly hair means that tiny dab of oil has to work its way down that tight coil, and that hair tends to be a little bit drier.”
Shampooing more frequently is the first step in caring for hair that tends to be oilier. However, avoid using clarifying shampoos on a regular basis. Instead, wash with a mild shampoo free of sulfates one day and a shampoo that exfoliates the scalp the next (look for formulas that incorporate tea tree oil or salicylic acid).
Additionally, believes that to get rid of the dirt and deposits that frequently clog an oily scalp, scalp exfoliators with physical exfoliants, such as sea salt, are fantastic.
How to Get Rid of Dandruff
Dandruff, which is the unusually rapid loss of skin cells from the scalp, is frequently mistaken for a sign of dry scalp. It usually occurs in conjunction with excessive oil production and the presence of a yeast-like fungus. Unfortunately, dandruff is a persistent problem that flares up periodically and may never go away completely. However, while dandruff can affect everybody, certain people are more prone to it. It often begins at adolescence, declines beyond the age of about 50, and affects more women than males.
Remember that the fungus that produces flakes can quickly return to the scalp, so use dandruff shampoo every day during an outbreak and once a week after that. And don’t just rinse it out right away. Instead, give the active adequate time to work its magic before massaging the product into your scalp for a few minutes. For the first few weeks of therapy, experts advise avoiding hair styling products since they might leave a buildup that prevents the active elements in your treatment products from working.
What to Do If Your Scalp Is Dry
Lack of oil and moisture causes the skin to become irritated and peel off in cases of dry scalp. Both conditions are typically brought on by the same elements, such as a genetic predisposition, dry air, excessive washing, and advanced age. People with dry skin are also more likely to have dry scalps.
Additionally, using a mild, moisturizing shampoo and a moisturizing conditioner after washing is crucial if you have dry skin. Try to use warm water instead of hot while shampooing your hair, and try to shampoo less frequently. Dehydration can also be avoided by using a humidifier.
Understanding and Treating Scalp Psoriasis
Scaly patches appear on the body, especially the scalp, as a result of the disease psoriasis. Skin cells regenerate too quickly in psoriasis, forming in a matter of days rather than weeks. This is thought to be an immune system issue. The accumulation of these extra skin cells on the skin’s surface results in regions that are frequently irritated and reddened because the body is unable to eliminate them. Considering that the scales frequently shed flakes, scalp psoriasis and dandruff can appear very similar, yet they are two different conditions. Whichever one you have, only a doctor can identify it with accuracy.
The good news is that shampoos containing ketoconazole, selenium sulfide, or zinc pyrithione can usually be used to treat mild to moderate instances of dandruff at home. Due to the antifungal and antibacterial qualities of these substances, they can lessen the formation of fungus on the scalp that causes flaking. Shampoos with salicylic acid are also employed to assist in removing flakes.
Shampoos, topical steroids, and oral medications like methotrexate are a few examples of over-the-counter and prescription medicines that might help manage symptoms. Salicylic acid and tar are the two active components you should search for in over-the-counter shampoos (either coal or wood tar). Salicylic acid acts to soften plaques and scales so that they can be eventually removed from the skin, while coal or wood tar works to delay the proliferation of skin cells and lessen irritation and itching.
Observing Hair Loss? What to Do
Significant hair shedding is possibly the most upsetting scalp condition of all. Doctors advises getting the proper diagnosis as the first step. When we are ill, our bodies frequently shed our hair in order to focus on other important tasks. If you shed excessively, see a doctor to rule out thyroid issues, autoimmune diseases, or a deficiency in specific vitamins as the cause.
However, some hair loss may be related to the manner that hair is styled. It’s referred to as traction alopecia. We notice it in anyone who frequently dons a style that may be a little too tight. Because of the tension, the scalp becomes irritated, which leads to hair loss. Dermatologist points out that dancers frequently wear high, tight buns as part of their employment, so it’s typical among the ballet world.
After getting braids or a weave, there shouldn’t be a time when it hurts, makes it difficult to sleep, or necessitates the use of Tylenol. We need to normalize having that discussion with your stylist about how tight your braids are. This kind of harm can also result in central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia (CCCA), a persistent disorder marked by scalp scarring that ultimately results in irreversible hair loss.
So let your hair down and check with your doctor to make sure you don’t have any health problems. After that, you can look at hair-regrowth options, which can include supplements, over-the-counter creams containing minoxidil, laser or light treatments, or even hair transplants.
With regard to the last possibility, surgeons are already able to relocate your own hair follicles around on your head to conceal hair loss. You won’t have to sacrifice the hair on the back of your head to have a fuller look at the crown, Doctors says on the program, because scientists are working on ways to actually grow additional follicles.
Causes Of Scalp Eczema and Treatment Options
Atopic dermatitis, a prevalent kind of eczema, can manifest on the scalp and often starts in childhood.
Despite the fact that the underlying cause is still unclear, dryness and itching are caused by an overactive immune system that sets off an inflammatory response. Common treatments include lotions like pimecrolimus or crisaborole, as well as topical corticosteroids. To manage the disease, you can also utilize oral antihistamines or prescription corticosteroids like prednisone.
Taking care of your scalp is very important, we have been able list out some of the ways in which you can take good care of your scalp so kindly do well to take cognizance of the listed facts.
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